Retinal disorder may be caused by a number of factors, ranging from a weakness of the retina to family history. However, it is difficult to clearly stipulate the risk factors associated with these conditions, as there are individual factors for each individual condition.
- Firstly, diabetics will be most at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy (both type I and type II), although it will affect those who have suffered from diabetes over a longer period.
- Macular holes are most likely to arise in patients over 55 years of age, and will gradually cause degradation to eyesight.
- Retinal detachment is relatively rare, but the risk of developing this disorder may be increased in patients who are very short-sighted (myopic), those who have recently received an injury to the eye or blow to the head, and in patients who have recently undergone cataract surgery, etc. All risks of these surgeries will, of course, be discussed and outlined by your consultant prior to the surgery itself. Also, the risk of spontaneous retinal tears or detachments will increase as we grow older.